- God is all there is OR there is nothing but God.
- God is all being – all that can be sensed, all that can be imagined, all that cannot be imagined.
- God exists as the totality of Being, including the known, the unknown and the unknowable; God also exists in/as every instance of being.
- God perceives him/her/itself in different gradations of objectivity – leading to a continuum of Being with gradations of Consciousness.
- God as Subject is absolute Consciousness. It is known as Brahman. The power by which it perceives itself is known as Maya. The forms of objective self-perception have relative consciousness and are thus forms of Ignorance.
- God as Object is Matter. All the gradations of consciousness leading to and including the Consciousness of Subject are latent in the Object, just as all the gradations of consciousness leading to and including the Inconscience of the Object are latent in the Subject.
- God as Subject evolves towards greater and greater material perfection; Matter as Object evolves towards greater and greater spiritual perfection. These two evolutions are in fact one perpetual motion machine, an involution-evolution.
- Consciousness implies Sentience and Will.
- The sentience of God Consciousness is absolute Bliss. The sentience of relative consciousness is the duality of pleasure and pain.
- God is thus absolute Being, absolute Consciousness, absolute Bliss (Sacchidananda), absolute Subject (Paramatman).
- The will of God Consciousness is Divine Will. The will of relative consciousness is the duality of will-towards-consciousness and will-towards-unconsciousness.
- Will-towards-Consciousness is called Good; will-towards-unconsciousness is called Evil.
- Each instance of being is nothing but Being; but depending on its gradation of consciousness, it is relatively ignorant, relatively happy-and-unhappy and relatively good-and-evil.
- God as absolute Being, absolute Consciousness, absolute Bliss, absolute Subject – is also absolute Instance or Individual (Purushottama).
- Thus, though each individual instance of being (jiva, purusha), depending on its gradation of consciousness, is relatively ignorant, relatively happy-and-unhappy and relatively good-and-evil; this is a form of self-perception by the absolute Instance or Individual (Purushottama). Absolute Individual is thus the truth of the individual in the relative field, but is not realized as such by it.
- Forms of self perception by the absolute Individual (Purushottama) which are conscious of their identity with the absolute Individual, that is, innately realize the absolute Individual as their truth, and thus are not ignorant, always happy and always Good are known as the Gods (devas).
- Forms of self perception by the absolute Individual (Purushottama) which are far from conscious of their identity with the absolute Individual, and thus are ignorant, unhappy and Evil are known as the Demons (asuras).
- Thus devas and asuras or Good and Evil archetypes are not Absolute realities or instances but relative realities or instances based on the Absolute’s self-perception in terms of gradations of Consciousness.
- The existence of relative archetypes of Good and Evil sets up a polarity which causes a churning of the space of relative consciousness.
- Archetypal forms of self-perception by the Absolute Being as Individual are innate and unchanging ; but there may be forms of self-perception by the Absolute Individual that are evolutionary.
- Whereas archetypal individualities (devas and asuras) cannot change their quality of consciousness or will (good or evil), evolutionary individualities have freedom of quality of consciousness and will and hence can act upon their own content and quality of consciousness with their will – i.e. a will-towards-consciousness or a will-towards-unconsciousness.
- For evolutionary individualities, the degree of freedom of quality of consciousness and will is dependent on the degree of individuality – that is in the continuum of Being with gradations of Consciouness, relative beings/individualities that can establish relations of consciousness with the Absolute Being/Individual partake of an increasing freedom of the quality of consciousness and will in realizing Absolute Being/Individual as their truth.
- The relations of consciousness that relative being/individuals can establish with Absolute Being/Individual are relations of Being, Knowledge, Love and Power.
- Absolute Being/Individual is incomprehensible to any relative being/individual but can disclose itself evolutionarily, progressively stretching the capacity of the relative being/individual towards realizations of identity with it in Being, Knowledge, Love and Power.
- Any relative being/individuality can relate to the absolute Being/individuality through one or more of its modes: the Absolute Being/Person, the Cosmic Being/Person known through its manifestation as he many gods, any individual being/person that has realized its identity with absolute Being/Person (yogi, guru), an individual incarnation of Absolute Being/Person (avatar) or an invocation to absolute Being/Person through any individual object or instance (archa).
DEBASHISH BANERJI, Ph.D.
Ph.D., Art History, University of California, Los Angeles.
Author of “The Alternate Nation of Abanindranath Tagore”
Author of “Seven Quartets of Becoming: A Transformative Yoga Psychology Based on the Diaries of Sri Aurobindo”